Independent Adoption|Private Adoption in North Carolina
In North Carolina, independent adoption or private adoption is one of the options available to parents considering adoption. By definition, adoption refers to the process of establishing a parent-child relationship between persons. Adoption Law is covered in chapter 48 of the North Carolina General Statutes. The adoption process begins legally when the adoptive parents file a petition for adoption.
What is Independent Adoption or Private Adoption?
In an independent adoption or private adoption, the couple who is looking to adopt a child looks for and finds a child for adoption without the help of an adoption agency. Independent adoption may be facilitated by a non-licensed intermediary such as a friend, relative, physician or anyone else. Even if you are doing an independent adoption, you will want to hire a licensed attorney who is familiar with the state and federal adoption laws to help you with the adoption process.
Nature of Independent Adoption or Private Adoption
By its nature, an independent adoption is an open or ‘identified’ process, where the names and addresses of the birth parents have to be supplied and thus, become known to the adoptive parents. (By contrast, agency adoptions can be open or closed). As with agency adoptions, the law requires that in a private adoption, background information, including health history be provided to the adoptive parents In an independent adoption, the birth parents (or mother) give the consent directly to the adoptive parents. In the case of agency adoption, the parental rights are relinquished to the agency, which in turn gives the consent for adoption.
Benefits of Independent Adoption
Independent adoption offers a possibility of shorter waiting periods for the adoptive parents and cuts through the (sometimes) bureaucratic requirements of adoption agencies. For birth mothers, there is a chance of playing a more active role in selecting a new family for the child. And importantly, independent adoptions facilitate face to face meeting between birth and adoptive parents, the psychological benefits of which cannot be underscored. We at McIlveen Family Law Firm have considerable experience in the various legal aspects related to independent adoptions or private adoptions. We will guide you right from filing the petition for adoption. We can also help in reducing the stress associated with the pre-placement home study approval that is mandatory.